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General Information About Afghanistan!


Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran 
Geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 65 00 E 
Map references: Asia 
Area: total: 647,500 sq km
land: 647,500 sq km
water: 0 sq km 
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas 
Land boundaries: total: 5,529 km
border countries:  China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km 
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked) 
Maritime claims: none (landlocked) 
Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers 
Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest 
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m 
Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones 
Land use: arable land:  12%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 46%
forests and woodland: 3%
other:  39% (1993 est.) 
Irrigated land: 30,000 sq km (1993 est.) 
Natural hazards: damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts 
Environment - current issues: soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification 
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban
signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation 
Geography - note: landlocked 
Population: 26,813,057 (July 2001 est.) 
Age structure: 0-14 years:  42.2% (male 5,775,921; female 5,538,836)
15-64 years:  55.01% (male 7,644,242; female 7,106,568)
65 years and over:  2.79% (male 394,444; female 353,046) (2001 est.) 
Population growth rate: 3.48% (2001 est.)
note: this rate reflects the continued return of refugees from Iran 
Birth rate: 41.42 births/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
Death rate: 17.72 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
Net migration rate: 11.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years:  1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.12 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2001 est.) 
Infant mortality rate: 147.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.) 
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 46.24 years
male:  46.97 years
female: 45.47 years (2001 est.) 
Total fertility rate: 5.79 children born/woman (2001 est.) 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: less than 0.01% (1999 est.) 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA 
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA 
Nationality: noun: Afghan(s)
adjective:  Afghan 
Ethnic groups: Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Hazara 19%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others) 12%, Uzbek 6% 
Religions: Sunni Muslim 84%, Shi'a Muslim 15%, other 1% 
Languages: Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism 
Literacy: definition:  age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 31.5%
male: 47.2%
female: 15% (1999 est.)

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